Human Waste Sanitary Solution Wulugu School Ghana
Northern Ghana is a region that experience period of intense rainfall and other periods of little to no precipitation. Therefore, the region desperately lacks water during dry months of the year which affects cooking, cleaning and drinking for the people.
In the town Wulugu, a Senior High School with approximately 1,700 boarding students lives under these conditions where water shortage happens every year. The school is classified as a class D school meaning it is ranked among the poorest schools in the country. The government installed water dependent toilet that quickly became abandoned due to the water shortage. The students have for a long time, resorted to open-air-defecation.
Fresh water solution
To most urgent aspect in creating a better and more stable living environment for the school's students was to solve the supply of fresh water. During the summer of 2016, a team of volunteers from Engineers without borders Sweden set up a solution that collected rainwater from the roof which then was stored in a large tank. The water stored in the tank was only to be used when there was no other water available, and then only for cooking and drinking.
A sustainable toilet solution
Because of the water shortage, a sustainable toilet solution that does do not utilize water was also a priority. Today, open defecation outside a designated toilet is a problem in the area around Wulugu, where access to decontamination is limited. Defecations often occur in rivers and fields near living areas, which causes public health problems. The next phase in helping the school was therefore to construct a water-free toilet system capable of separating urine to be used in the local agriculture, but also to decrease the number of open-air-defections and spreading of illnesses due to the unsanitary conditions.